Dry Forest

Bonaire's iconic dry tropical forest play a critical role in the island's ecosystem. These areas are able to thrive, even through prolonged periods of drought. These forests contribute to climate change adaptation and mitigation, and buffer against erosion and desertification.

Tropical dry forests are one of the most threatened parts of the earth’s environment. This forest type typically experiences an annual hard dry season. The average rainfall is sufficient enough to promote growth of trees, but these tree and plant species must be able to withstand periods of low precipitation and moisture.


Dry tropical forests play a critical role in supporting the island’s ecosystems by providing fruit to many species of bats and birds during dry periods. Additionally, these forests help retain sediment, prevent coastal erosion, increase the retention of freshwater and capture carbon dioxide.


Dry forests largest threat comes in the form of overgrazing and loss of space due to due development projects. Feral grazers (such as goats and donkeys) can decimate dry tropical forests by wiping out sparce vegetation leaving only the prickliest of cacti behind. This loss of vegetation means that there is less water retention within the soil, sediment is more easily eroded by wind and rain and the loss of overall biodiversity affects the diverse animal populations utilizing these areas..

Check out the next habitat

Freshwater Wells

Don't forget

Pay your nature fee

The Stinapa Bonaire nature fee is mandatory for all users of the Bonaire National Marine Park and the Washington Slagbaai National Park.

Valid per calendar year JAN-DEC

Pay your nature fee